Background: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication seen in herpes zoster patients. Its clinical manifestations consist of persisting sharp pain even when the initial exanthema has disappeared. These patients experienced stress from the conditions and from the treatment process, which in turn affect their familiesâ€™ quality of life.
Patients and Methods: This study was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design involving 30 PHN patients and their families. Patients were required to fill out the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) questionnaire to assess their stress levels. Their respective families were required to fill out the Family Dermatology Life Quality Index (FDLQI) questionnaire to assess their quality of life. Statistical analysis was performed on both data with the Spearman correlation test (data were not normally distributed). ANOVA test was performed to assess the average difference between the stress levels experienced by PHN patients and the quality of life of their families.
Results: The families of PHN patients who experienced severe stress levels had worse or lower quality of life compared to the families of patients with moderate or mild stress levels. The lowest average score of quality of life is 27.20 (severe stress level) and the highest average score of quality of life is 14.33 (mild stress level).
Conclusions: The stress level of PHN patients was significantly related to the quality of life of their respective families in the aspects covered in the FDLQI questionnaire (p <0.005). There was a significant difference in the family's quality of life score based on the patient's stress level (p<0.001)