Backgrounds: Life-threatening organ dysfunction such as sepsis often happens in developing and developed countries. Ethyl acetate fraction of Moringa oleifera leaf (MO-EA fraction) is claimed by several studies to be able to control inflammation and oxidative stress.
Objective: This study aims explore the effect of MO-EA fraction in improving the liver and kidney function in sepsis rat model.
Materials and Methods: This study is an experimental research using sepsis rat model. The research was conducted on a total of 66 white Wistar rats aged 3-4 months, weighing 200-300 grams, randomly allocated into nine treatment groups, negative, and normal control groups. The treatment and the negative control group received LPS induction to reproduce the inflammation stress during a sepsis. The treatment groups receive various daily dose of MO-EA fraction starting of 10, 20, and 40 mg/kgBW. The measured outcome were serum creatinine, ureum, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SPGT).
Results:Â There are statistically significant differences of the level of ureum, creatinine, SGOT, and SPGT between various treatment group receiving various dose of MO-EA fraction and negative and normal control group within seven days after LPS induction. Î±=0.05.
Conclusion: The serum level of ureum, creatinine, SGOT and SGPT in the sepsis rats administered with MO-EA were lower than the control group. The best MO-EA fraction is A2 which was 20 mg/kgBW/day given from 5 days before the LPS induction continuing to the seventh day after the LPS induction. MO-EA fraction supplementation may have a potential as a preventive therapy for endothelial stress in sepsis rat model.