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Diabetes mellitus control among elderly patients at geriatric polyclinic of Karangasem District Hospital, Bali, Indonesia: a preliminary study


Background: The increasing number of elderly populations also increases the number of chronic degenerative diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, diabetes control is needed to prevent various complications and improve the health quality of the elderly patient. This study aims to obtain preliminary information about diabetes control in elderly patients in the geriatric clinic of Karangasem District Hospital to provide appropriate management to improve diabetes control.Method: This research is a cross-sectional study and consecutive sampling of 46 DM patients who seek treatment at the geriatric clinic of Karangasem District Hospital in the period May-July 2019. Inclusion criteria were DM patients aged ≥60 years. We exclude diabetes person with acute infection and end-stage renal disease. The criteria for DM control used in this study is body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial glucose (PPG), and HbA1c levels. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25 for Windows and depicted descriptively. Results: Among 46 samples, there were 23 (50.0%) male and 23 (50.0%) female enrolled in this study. We find median of each, BMI was 23.2856 kg/m2, SBP 120 mmHg, DBP 70mmHg, 153.5 mg/dl for FPG, 238 mg/dl for PPG, and 7.8% for HbA1c. In this study, patients who met target of diabetes control is 34.8% for BMI, 53.8% for SBP, 76.9% for DBP, 43.5% for FPG, 17.4% PPG, and 28.3 % for HbA1c levels. Conclusion: In this study, it was found that DM control in elderly patients in our Hospital is not optimal on the parameters of BMI, SBP, DBP, FPG, PPG, and HbA1c levels. Better results were obtained in systolic and diastolic blood pressure control.


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How to Cite

Dwipayanti, N. M. A., Nariata, I. W., & Aryana, I. G. P. S. (2020). Diabetes mellitus control among elderly patients at geriatric polyclinic of Karangasem District Hospital, Bali, Indonesia: a preliminary study. Bali Medical Journal, 9(1), 279–285.




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Ni Made Ayu Dwipayanti
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I Wayan Nariata
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I Gusti Putu Suka Aryana
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