Introduction: Condyloma acuminatum is caused by infection from Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), mostly found in the perineum and genital area. Therefore HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the world. Infection often occurs in patients with a decreased immune system, such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection.
Case: A 62-year-old man was diagnosed with condyloma acuminatum in the penis and accompanied by stage IV HIV infection. CD4 + count is 23 cells/Î¼L. Patients were given electric surgical therapy and 80% TCA. After receiving 8 treatments in 3 months, there was no significant improvement.
Discussion: There are several therapeutic modalities in the management of condyloma acuminatum. Some considerations in the selection of condyloma acuminatum therapy include size, number, anatomic location of the lesion, patient comfort, side effects and the experience of the doctor in charge. The immune system plays an important role in the successful treatment of HPV infections. The risk of persistence, recurrence, and malignant transformation can increase with the decrease in the immune system by HIV infection as measured by CD4 + counts. In this case, more aggressive treatment will be needed and immunomodulators can be given to increase the success of the therapy.
Conclusion: Host immune status has a significant impact on the course of HPV disease and response to treatment. HIV patients have an increased risk of HPV infection, with an increase in the duration and persistence of the disease and thus require aggressive therapy.