Background: Urethral duplication is a rare congenital malformation mainly affecting men and boys. Although a number of theories have been proposed to describe this condition, the actual mechanism of this disorder is still not clear. The most frequent anomaly occurs in the sagittal plane, in which the duplicated urethra is in either dorsal or ventral position in relation to the orthotopic urethra. The therapeutic management of these conditions is complicated and depends on the presence of symptoms as well as the type of anomaly.
Case Description: We present a case of urethral duplication in a 2 years old male child. The malformation was characterised by the presence of the meatus in the dorsal penoscrotal and accompanied by the sign of infection in it. Urethrography showed contrast stopped filling 2 cm from the meatus in the dorsal penoscrotal with a total dead-end impression as an accessory urethra and there was no abnormalities in the principal urethra looked from the contrast filled the penile urethra, bulbous urethra, prostatic urethra, and bladder. That was the form of Effmann Type IA urethral duplication. The dorsal accessory urethra was excised entirely without complication and he remains symptom-free eight months after surgery.
Conclusion: In summary, urethral duplication is a rare clinical condition. It has many variants that were classified by Effman. Management depends on the anatomy of the duplication involved and the patientâ€™s clinical symptoms.