Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Reproductive health promotion through traditional art media reduced the of premarital sex intention among adolescent population in Gianyar, Bali

  • Ni Putu Widarini ,
  • Fatwa Sari Tetradewi ,
  • Ova Emilia ,

Abstract

Background: Sex education in adolescents is still considered taboo to be discussed in the community. Traditional arts as communicative and informative socialization media contain meaningful messages, it is expected that teenagers get a good understanding of reproductive health so that they become healthy and quality adolescents. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate reproductive health promotion through traditional arts media on adolescent knowledge, attitudes and sexual intentions in Gianyar, Bali.

Methods: A quantitative study with a quasi-experimental design was conducted with nonequivalent (pretest and posttest) control group. Data on premarital sex knowledge, attitudes and intentions were collected before and after staging traditional arts in the intervention group (75 adolescents). Data were collected from self-filled questionnaires and analyzed using STATA (version 12.0). Data analysis was conducted using Wilcoxon rank test and Wilcoxon rank-sum.

Results: The results showed an overall significant improvement in the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents about premarital sex and a decrease intention toward premarital sex after intervention (p value 0.00). The improvement in knowledge, premarital sex attitudes and intentions was more pronounced in the intervention group compared to control group. The control group that was not given an intervention showed a higher average value of premarital sex intention.

Conclusion: Reproductive health promotion program using traditional arts media was able to significantly reduce premarital sex intentions among teenagers.     

References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik-BPS, BKKBN, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, ICF International. Survei Kesehatan Demografi Indonesia (SDKI) 2012. Jakarta, Indonesia: BPS, BKKBN, Kemenkes, ICF International; 2013.
  2. Riset kesehatan dasar [Basic health research] 2013. Jakarta; Kementrian Kesehatan RI, 2013.
  3. Soetjiningsih. (2010). Tumbuh Kembang Remaja dan Permasalahannya.
  4. Sagung Seto: Jakarta.
  5. Dinas Kesehatan Gianyar. Laporan Kesehatan Reproduksi, 2016.
  6. De Castro F, Rojas MR, Villalobos HA, Allen LB, Breverman BA, Billings DL, Uribe ZP. Sexual and reproductive health outcomes are positively associated with comprehensive sexual education exposure in Mexican high-school students. Plos One. 2018; 13(3):115.
  7. Kementrian Kesehatan Indonesia. Undang-Undang Kesehatan No. 36/2009.
  8. Susanto T, Rahmawati I, Wuryaningsih EW, Saito R, Syahrul, Kimura R, Tsuda A, Tabuchi N, Sugama J. Prevalence of factors related to active reproductive health behavior: A cross-sectional study Indonesian adolescent. Epidemiol Health. 2016;38.
  9. Lemeshow, S., David W., Janelle K.,Stephen K. I. Wanga (1997) Besar Sampel dalam Penelitian Kesehatan. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta
  10. Sommart, J., & Sota, C. (2013). The effectiveness of a school based sexual health education program for junior high school students in Khon Kaen, Thailand. Social and Behavioral Science, 91: 208-214.
  11. Shrestha RM, Otsuka K, Poudel KC, Yasuoka J, Lamichhane M, Jimba M. Better learning in schools to improve attitudes toward abstinence and intentions for safer sex among adolescents in urban Nepal. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2013;13(1):244. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/14712458/13/244
  12. Soedarsono. Seni Pertunjukan. Gadjah Mada University Press; Yogyakarta, 2011
  13. Laksmiwati Laksmiwati, I. A. A. (1999) Perubahan perilaku seks remaja Bali. Yogyakarta: Kerjasama Ford Foundation dengan Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan Universitas Gadjah mada.
  14. Ni Luh Sustiawati, Ni Ketut Suryatini, AAA Mayun Artanti. (2017) Pengembangan Design Pembelajaran Seni Tari di Sekolah Dasar Berbasis Localgenius Knowledge berpendekatan Integrated Learning. MUDRA, Jurnal Seni Budaya, P-ISSN 0854-3461,E-ISSN 2541-0407:197-208
  15. Gst Gd Ngurah Kursista, Yayi Suryo Prabandari, Rendra Widyatama. (2009). Pengaruh Media Wayang Bali Inovatif Dalam Mempromosikan Pencegahan Hiv/Aids Di Kabupaten Bangli. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat Vol. 25, No. 4:202– 209
  16. Weny Lestari &Suci Wulansari. (2018) Pertunjukan Wayang Interaktif Sebagai Sarana Promosi Kesehatan Remaja Tentang Rokok, Narkoba Dan Pergaulan Bebas. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan – Vol. 21 No. 2 April 2018: 125–132
  17. Wight, D., Rabb, G.M., Henderson., Abraham, C., et al (2002). Limits of teacher delivered sex education: Interim behavioral outcomes from randomised trial. BMJ, 324:1-6.
  18. Reis, M., Ramiro, L.,Matos, MG De., Diniz JA. (2011). The effects of sex education in promoting sexual and reproductive health in Portuguese university students Portugis. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci [Internet]. Els evier BV; ; 29: 477–85. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.2

How to Cite

Widarini, N. P., Tetradewi, F. S., & Emilia, O. (2019). Reproductive health promotion through traditional art media reduced the of premarital sex intention among adolescent population in Gianyar, Bali. Bali Medical Journal, 8(3), 886–891. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v8i3.1562

HTML
0

Total
3

Share

Search Panel