Introduction: Hypertension resembles a medical condition affecting mostly patients over 60 years. Hypertension might be influenced by antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory components contained in fruits and vegetables. Based on 2013 data, the prevalence of hypertension in the elderly in Indonesia was 25.8%. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake among geriatric hypertensive patients in the city of Yogyakarta.
Methods: Analytical observational study was designed with Cross-sectional type. The subjects of recent study were 138 elderly in integrated service post located in the area of Umbulharjo 1 and Umbulharjo 2 community health center in Yogyakarta City and selected by a multi-stage sampling technique. The consumption of fruits and vegetables measured by Semi-Qualitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall, meanwhile blood pressure examination used mercury sphygmomanometer.
Results: Chi-Square test results showed a relationship between fruits consumed by elderly people and the prevalence of hypertension (p = 0.003) and vegetable intake in elderly significantly associated with the prevalence of hypertension (p = 0.032). The multivariate test results showed there were significant relationship regarding fruit intake with the prevalence of hypertension in elderly (OR = 1.82; p = 0.01).
Conclusion: Intake of fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of hypertension.