Background: Trauma is the fourth leading cause of death in the world and occurs at all ages. The high incidence of traffic accidents is equivalent to the increasing incidence of maxillofacial trauma, especially mandibular fracture. This study aims to determine the characteristics by age, gender, mechanism of injury and anatomical site of mandibular fractures among patients attending the Plastic Surgery Unit of Sanglah General Hospital as a preliminary study
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was enrolled among 45 patients attending plastic surgery who recorded in medical records from January 2014 until December 2016 as well as met the inclusion criteria. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17 and presented in percentage regarding Age, mechanism of injury, gender, and fracture site
Results: There were 45 patients with 61 mandibular fracture sites. Most of the patients were male (84.4%). Based on age, the mandibular fracture is most common in the productive age (20-30 years old) at 22 cases (36.1%). Majority cause of fractures was road traffic accident (82.2%). Parasymphysis region was the most common site of fracture (39.3%).
Conclusion: The characteristics of mandibular fracture patients describe trauma patterns in the community. This finding is similar with some readily available literature with RTAs was the most common etiology and parasymphysis was the most common fracture site.