Introduction: Serum albumin level may predict the mortality risk in burn patients. This study aimed to determine the mortality risk in burn patients based on serum albumin level within the first 24 hours of hospitalization.
Method: A cross sectional study was conducted reprostecively to the patientâ€™s medical records. The subjects were burned patients who were hospitalized in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung during January-December 2017. The subjects were divided into two groups, which were dead and survived at the end of hospitalization. The mortality risk based on serum albumin level within the first 24 hours of admission was assessed using the odds ratio (OR) of two groups. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17 for windows.
Result: The subjects were 47 patients, consisted of 9 dead subjects and 38 survived subjects. Males were predominant in both groups such as 12.8% in dead subjects and 70.2% in survived subjects. The OR value based on serum albumin level <2 g/dL within the first 24 hours of hospitalization was 14.40 (p=0.009; CI:2.1â€“100).
Conclusion: The subjects with serum albumin level <2 g/dL within 24 hours of hospitalization has 14 times higher mortality risk compared to the subjects with serum albumin level >2 g/dL. Therefore, burn patients need to be examined for serum albumin level within the first 24 hours of hospitalization.