Introduction: As the most critical medicinal establishment, hospitals ought to be prepared for responsibility and appropriate administration of catastrophes before the accidents.
There must be readied operational plans available to cope with the critical conditions, and awareness of the significance of the persuasive influential is fundamental.
The aim of this study was to identify and prioritize the factors effective in disaster preparedness in hospitals of Hormozgan in 2016.
Method: In terms of purpose, the study is applied conducted using descriptive-survey method. The study was conducted in three steps. In the first step, library studies method was utilized for identifying the main components of preparedness for disasters in hospitals; in the second stage, Delphi method was used to identify the factors effective in disasters; and in the third step, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to prioritize the effective factors. Data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire scored based on a 5-point Likert scale. The validity of the questionnaire was assessed through the expertsâ€™ judgment, and the reliability was measured by Pearson correlation method (0.89). SPSS 22 was used to analyze the data.
Findings: Based on the various factors of disaster management in the hospitals, the most important factors in the preparation stage considering the priority are given below. These include formulation of Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) in treatment in the province (weight 0.02895), creation, reinforcing, and advancement of Emergency Operation Center (EOC) at the province level (weight 0.02745), and providing logical strategies for dealing with crises and environmental incidents (weight 0.02716). Moreover, we have developing a comprehensive annual exercise program for exercising and maneuvering from health home level to the reference hospital (weight of 0.02496), and the center of disaster management training and practice program at the province (weight 0.02185).
Conclusion: for more preparedness against disasters, it is necessary that Hormozgan hospitals put establishing, strengthening and developing a disaster management center on the agenda of managers. Besides, the viable elements recognized in this investigation can be utilized as a suitable guidance for better disaster preparedness.Keywords: Preparedness, Disasters, Hospital