Background: Regular physical exercises can improve physical and mental health and especially important for individuals with extensive disorders, such as Downâ€™s syndrome. For the success of rehabilitation, it is necessary to involve the parents of children with Downâ€™s syndrome in the process. By understanding the parents' motivation, a successful training program will be possible.
Aim: This study is aimed to determine the importance degree of various parentsâ€™ motivations in sports participation of their children with Downâ€™s syndrome.
Method: A survey was conducted in 137 families from 22 regions of Russia in November 2016. The survey included 23 motivational statements and parents were asked to rate the importance of each statement on a scale of 1 to 10. The results were divided into 5 groups based on the importance of the motivational statements: â€œabsolutely importantâ€, â€œimportantâ€, â€œdifficult to sayâ€, â€œnot importantâ€, and â€œabsolutely not importantâ€. Statistical analysis was done using average values method.
Result: Parents considered the following reasons to let their children participate in sports as â€œabsolutely importantâ€: to implement healthy and active lifestyle; to develop interaction skills in a group, independence, and dexterity; to improve the skills of large-scale body movements and coordination of movements; and to encourage socialization. None of the motivational statements were considered as â€œabsolutely not importantâ€.
Conclusion: This study found that parents considered the majority of the motivational statements as important. Considering the parentsâ€™ motives will encourage the sports participation of children with Downâ€™s syndrome.